Paris climate deal signed almost five years ago, but the US keeps a distance from the agreement.
Five years completed of adopting the Paris climate deal 2015. Its goal is to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees, preferably to 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels. The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty on climate change. It was adopted by 196 Parties at COP 21 in Paris, on 12 December 2015 and entered into force in November 2016.
Newly elected president Joe Biden vowed to rejoin the Paris climate deal (COP-21). The president rolled out an environmental team that he hopes will steer America toward greater action to curb climate change and protect the nation’s air and water. Though former president resists the Paris climate deal and withdraws itself from all participation in the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change mitigation, and begin negotiations to re-enter the agreement “on terms that are fair to the United States, its businesses, its workers, its people, its taxpayers,” or form a new agreement. Trump’s withdrawal from the Paris agreement will impact other countries by reducing their financial aid to the Green Climate Fund. The termination of U.S. funding will ultimately impact climate change research and decrease society’s chance of reaching the Paris Agreement goals, as well as omit U.S. contributions to the future IPCC reports.
Why US Withdraws from Paris climate deal 2015
The Trump Administration was closely tied to the fossil fuel industry. The fossil fuel industries hold powerful political clout over the Trump Administration and the Republican Party. Trump stated that “the Paris Accord is very unfair at the highest level to the U.S. and compared China and India’s mitigation obligations with the U.S., taking no notice of the common but differentiated responsibility principle.
Trump’s withdrawal decision was mainly driven by the U.S. domestic politics and his personal preferences rather than any burdens on the U.S. imposed by the Paris Agreement.
Impact of US withdrawal from Paris climate deal
Global warming will be intensified after the U.S. withdraws from the Paris Agreement, putting China under greater ecological vulnerability and climate risks. It also affects developing countries’ funding for the mitigation of climate risk.
Now it is expected that Paris climate deal would get new pace and new government bring a new hope for climate change mitigation.To achieve this long-term temperature goal, countries aim to reach global peaking of greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible to achieve a climate neutral world by mid-century.
(Source: Sciencedirect.com, Wikipedia)